The 4 C's of Diamonds Explained


What are the 4 c's of diamonds? The 4 c's s refer to: Clarity, Color, Carat, and Cut. These are the most important aspects to consider when buying your diamond. Diamond cut is arguably the most important of the 4 C's. 

Why is diamond Cut the Most Important of the 4 c's?

The diamond cut is the most important of all the 4 C's because the cut of a diamond indicates how well-proportioned a diamond is. The proportions of the diamond decide which way the light will travel through the diamond and how this light will be reflected back into the viewer’s eye.

Depending on a how a diamond is cut, this will affect the appearance of its other C's - clarity, carat, and color. For example, an excellent cut diamond can make a diamond sparkle brighter.


Grading of Diamond Cuts

Excellent Cut - This cut reflects close to all light that enters the diamond. This is a very exquisite and rare cut.

Very Good Cut - Reflects nearly as much light as the “excellent cut,” but for a lower price.

Good Cut - Reflects most light that enters. This cut is much less expensive than a “very good cut.”

Fair Cut - Still a quality diamond, but a fair cut will not be as brilliant or scintillating as a “good cut.”

Poor Cut - Diamonds that are very deep and narrow or shallow and wide. They lose most of the light out the sides and bottom.

Ecksand diamonds are selected to the highest standard to offer you the most value.


Clarity, Colour and Carat

Clarity - refers to the quality of your diamond in relation to the visual aspect known as inclusions. It determines whether the diamond has small imperfections inside or on its surface and the degree in which these imperfections are visible. These range from:


Colour - refers to the absence of colour in a diamond. A perfect transparent diamond has no hue, they are diamonds that are completely colourless and transparent. Diamond colours range from  


Carat - refers to the diamonds apparent size. Typically diamond carats range from 0.50 ct. to 2.00 ct.